Star topology is the most common type of network topology that is used in homes and offices in the star topology there is a central connection point called the hub which is a computer hub or sometimes just a switch. A star topology is designed with each node (file server, workstations, and peripherals) connected directly to a central network hub, switch, or concentrator (see fig 2) data on a star network passes through the hub, switch, or concentrator before continuing to its destination. A star topology is designed with each node (like workstations, printers, laptops, servers etc) connected directly to a central device called as a network switch each workstation has a cable that goes from its network card to a network switch.
A star topology has many advantages some of the advantages of a properly functioning star topology are listed below the star topology is easy to install and wire the star topology gives a. A star topology has many advantages some of the advantages of a properly functioning star topology are listed below the star topology is easy to install and wire the star topology gives a better performance than any other network topology as there is no clogging of nodes.
Advantages of a linear bus topology easy to connect a computer or peripheral to a linear bus requires less cable length than a star topology. A star topology is a network topology in which all the network nodes are individually connected to a central switch, hub or computer which acts as a central point of communication to pass on the messages. In star topology, all the components of network are connected to the central device called “hub” which may be a hub, a router or a switch unlike bus topology (discussed earlier), where nodes were connected to central cable, here all the workstations are connected to central device with a point-to-point connection.
The physical topology is further classified into six different types namely, the point-to-point network, ring network, mesh network, bus network, tree network, and the star network of these, the star network in particular is considered very popular owing to its numerous advantages that is not to say it doesn't have any disadvantages of its own.
Advantage of star topology: with the star topology, if one cable of device goes down, the rest of the network is not affected (fault tolerance) disadvantage of star topology: however, because management of communication is centralized, if the main switch or hub goes down the whole network goes down.
Star topology is the most popular and widely used network topology in local area networks in star topology , all computers are connected with a central device known as hub or switch now-a-days hubs are often replaced by fast network switches. Star topology advantages â€¢ a star network topology is very easy to manage because of its simplicity in functionality â€¢ the problems can be easily located logically in a star topology and therefore is easy to troubleshoot also.
In this type of network topology, all the nodes are connected individually to one common hub the transmission stations are connected to the central node in such a manner that the design resembles the shape of a star, and hence, the name.