Both were popular in the roman era, stoicism in rome’s early, more vigorous years and continuing among the rank and file of roman citizenry, and epicureanism (even hedonism) behind closed doors, especially at the highest levels of the empire. Stoics are similar to epicureans in that they believe knowledge is gained in an empiricist fashion, while they greatly differ about what makes up the universe for the epicureans it is atoms and for stoics it is a pantheist conception of god. This post originally appeared on quora: what are the main differences between epicureanism and stoicism the garden and the veranda the epicureans the epicureans were materialists in the modern, scientific sense they accepted the physics of democritus that the universe was composed entirely of empty space filled with atoms of differing shapes and weights that. Another difference is that epicureans eventually became more open to hedonism the stoic school sees this as a violation in word and in deed of our cardinal virtue of temperance also, the epicureans have an aversion to the concept of a divine principle, while the stoic school continues to hold that concept as a central teaching.
Epicureanism incorporated a relatively full account of the social contract theory, and in part attempts to address issues with the society described in plato's republic the social contract theory established by epicureanism is based on mutual agreement, not divine decree. In the passage below from the book letters from a stoic, seneca, a stoic who appreciated the philosophy of epicureanism, noted the main difference between his stoic school and the school of epicurus epicureanism is a philosophy which stresses the importance of ‘training one’s desires. Comparison of epicureanism and stoicism, in physical and spiritual categories epicureanism and stoicism compared epicureanism (lucretius) stoicism (cicero) the soul evolutionary view, natural selection from isolated individual to complex society for self-protection and mutual security (social contract) law is the set of arrangements.
Note the practical similarities between stoicism and epicureanism, despite their theoretical differences both were popular in the roman era, stoicism in rome’s early, more vigorous years and continuing among the rank and file of roman citizenry, and epicureanism (even hedonism) behind closed doors, especially at the highest levels of the empire. Epicureanism is one of the most unique religions in the ancient world in that they were nearly atheistic they believed that the gods were distant and did not care about the world hence, they argued that we should not fear the gods in any way. In summary, a simple heuristic to remember the difference between the stoics and the epicureans: the stoics cared about virtuous behavior and living according to nature, while the epicureans were all about avoiding pain and seeking natural and necessary pleasure.
Both epicureanism and stoicism recommend not harming others or breaking the law, but for different reasons remember, the stoics value virtue above all else, to the point that they believed that virtue was all one needed to be happy and all else should be viewed with equanimity. If the epicureans were chemists and biologists, the stoics were theoretical physicists like the epicureans they saw the study of philosophy as essential to alleviating suffering and living the good life, but had different ideas of what this consisted in.
A big difference between roman stoicism, and greek stoicism were the pursuits in greek society the aim of stoicism was aimed at developing morals, while in roman culture it was about gaining tranquility. Evolutionary view, natural selection from isolated individual to complex society for self-protection and mutual security (social contract) law is the set of arrangements made from time to time in one place or another control by tyrants comes of fear and wealth true happiness comes from a simple life and contented mind. - thesis statement in hellenistic greece, epicureanism and stoicism were two influential philosophies encouraging a life of happiness these philosophies were similar in their belief of the afterlife, but differed in their beliefs of the gods and the approach to attain happiness in life.